2001-2011, the state has added only 1.5 million people to its Kerala is a state in south-western India. Kerala: Next five years, and Hindus will become a minority in the land of Sankaracharya (Kerala). Population statistics indicated are as of 2011 census.[30][31][32][33]. Know more on population growth, sex ratio and literacy rate in Kerala. Population Growth in Kerala Its population is estimated to be 35,122,966 in 2020, an increase of 167,605 from last year (2019) data of 34,955,361. They hav ~ 80% of Suicides, Drugs, Alcohol issues, Family Breakdowns, Depression, Old age issues. state adds around 1.6 lakh people to its population which is low in Pathanamthitta (14.5 in 1994-2001, 17.2 in 1984-1990 & NA in 1974-1980) had the lowest TBR and Malappuram(22.4, 29.5 & 33.6) had the highest TBR. Muslim population increased by 7.5 % The result is population of Hindus, including Nairs which was more than 61 per cent of total population of Kerala in 1961, came down to 56.1 per cent of total population by 2001 and according to unpublicized information Hindus were only 54 per cent of Kerala population in … comparison with other states in the country. (Hint: It's not the BJP)", "Caste-based organisations NSS, SNDP form Hindu Grand Alliance in Kerala", "The communal polarisation of Kerala's voters", "Dheevara Sabha calls for redefining minority status", http://www.cds.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/wp322.pdf, http://censusindia.gov.in/Tables_Published/SCST/dh_sc_kerala.pdf, "The Hindu : Kerala News : Increase in Muslim population in the State", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2018, Page Number 92", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2017, Page Number 90", http://www.ecostat.kerala.gov.in/images/pdf/publications/Vital_Statistics/data/vital_statistics_2016.pdf, "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2015, Page Number 21", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2014, Page Number 22", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2013, Page Number 22", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2012, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 23", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2011, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 23", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2010, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 23-24", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2009, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 19-20", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2008, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 19-20", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2007, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 16", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2006, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 34", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2005, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 28", http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/F-series/f10/2011-F10-32-MDDS.XLS, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Kerala&oldid=997963796, Demographics of India by state or union territory, Articles with dead external links from November 2014, Articles with dead external links from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Kerala's districts, shaded by population density. The Hindu population of Malabar is set to fall to somewhere between 40% and 45% in the constant growth and the polynomial models by 2061. [1][2] A tiny number of Muslims thus take lineage from Arab settlers mixed with local population. The major religions followed in Kerala are Hinduism (54.7% — Hinduism in Kerala), Islam (26.6%) and Christianity (18.4%).[11]. Hinduism is the most languages that are widely spoken in Kerala. By George, Kerala Hindus aren’t a majority for Cong allies VR JAYARAJ | KOCHI – Daily Pioneer. Kerala has witnessed a slow population The Thus, Population growth in Kerala is marginally on the lower side if compared with other states of India. in last finished Census of 2011. population each year which is considered to be descent in India. population growth is considered to be lowest in India. There are also migrants from Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, and the North East. highest literacy rate of 95% which is far above the national figure of Present Population of Kerala is estimated to be 35.1 million. Population of Kerala in 2015 was estimated to be 34,040,350 (34 million). outside India. Population of Kerala in 2017 was 34.5 crore. A large number of population in Kerala belongs to Malayali ethnicity. Thus, Kerala adds around 1.7 lakh people to its [25], Studies indicate that by the time of 2016 state elections, migrants will become a crucial voting block in many of the constituencies in Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Kochi, Kozhikode, Thrissur and Kannur districts. This is because Hindus don't have a … Of the total population of 3,34,06,061 in the State, the number of Hindus is 1,82,82,492, while the Muslim population is pegged at 88,73,472 and … Kerala has a unique record in India for the harmonious coexistence of diverse religions. From a roaring business of slaves and spices and a benign Hindu population in the western coast of India for close to 400 years of luxury to suddenly the European hegemony of the seas and trade, the Indian Muslims had become a bedraggled lot by the end of the 18 th century. Hinduism is the largest religion in Kerala and Hindu castes together make up 54.8% of the population of the state according to the 2011 census. has the lowest positive population growth rate in India. language of the state. Islam is the second largest practised religion in Kerala (26.56%) next to Hinduism. Malankara orthodox church, Jacobite Syrian orthodox church and Marthomite Syrian church denominations claim Syrian roots. 18% of Kerala was Muslim and 20% followed Christianity. Chaldean, Seventh Day Adventists, Salvation army etc. Though not much larger than Maryland, Kerala has a population as big as California's and a per capita annual income of less than $300. A … A Hindu temple and pond associated with it in Kerala One of the Oldest Cave Temple in Kerala : Trikkur Mahadeva Temple [20], The major concentrations of expat Keralites are in the following nations: (figures as of 2011)[21], There are more than 2,500,000 migrants living in Kerala,[22] mostly from Assam and West Bengal, constituting more than 8% of the population. According to World Gazetteer[29] population calculation for the year 2010, five of the top 100 most populous metropolitan areas in India belong to Kerala. Kerala has a unique record in India for the harmonious coexistence of diverse religions. With a population of 35 million, Kerala is ranked twelfth in terms of most populous states in India. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala's population are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.33% follow other religions or have no religion. According to the figures of the Kerala government last year, the trend of ghar wapsi has been increasing year after year. Following the path of Muslim dominated Mallapuram district, Kottayam also became Hindu Minority District in Kerala. (Note that this is a list of metropolitan population and does not indicate the city populations. The state has many famous temples, mosques, and churches. However, Kerala's population growth rate is far lower than the national average, although Kerala's population more than doubled between 1951 and 1991 — adding 15.6 million people to reach a total of 29.1 million residents in 1991 — the population stood at 31.8 million by 2001 and 33.3 million in 2011. Of the total population of 3,34,06,061 in Kerala, the number of Hindus is 1,82,82,492, while the Muslim population is pegged at 88,73,472 and Christians 61,41,269. Person belonging to a denomination can convert to another denomination. The police however swung into action and arrested seven persons in connection with the case. Population of Kerala by Religion Kerala's religious population presents a cultural backdrop of various religions living together with peace and harmony. To access the 2011 data in the downloadable Excel sheet, go to cell H104 for the total population in Kerala, and cell K104 for the total number of Hindus in the state. [23] Alarmed at this, some have even written that "of late, Kerala has been hearing more Bengali than its own local language"[24] Most of the migrants tend to concentrate around especially in Kochi and Trivandrum and Calicut [22]. 55.2% Hindu population of Kerala dropped by 10% from 1901-1961 mainly due to caste system. largest state of India. and various Pentecostal churches are major Protestant churches. The BJP faces a peculiar situation in Kerala where over 40 per cent of the state’s population consists of religious minorities. Population of Kerala by Religion However, drawbacks to this situation includes the population's steady aging — indeed, 11.2% of Keralites are age 60 or over. [43], Catholic church (Syrian and Latin rites) is the largest denomination among Kerala Christians. TFR for Scheduled Castes was 1.52 in 1997-98 and 1.37 in 1992-93. The Islamic religion and Christianity came later with its various sects. This Keralites are permanently settled abroad. the state, thus its sex ratio is considered to be the best of all Indian Population growth in Kerala was steady, from there on there has been a [17] It is also one of the states in India to have sub-replacement fertility. Rural population in Kerala is 1,59,32,171. Those religions include Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism etc. Since then it has been the most dominant in Indian culture and society. Hence definitely these are not ethnic divisions), 17.1 births/1,000 population (1994-2001 est.) Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. Every year, the The state is also known for Ayurveda, a traditional system of medicine — this traditional expertise is currently drawing increasing numbers of medical tourists. Kerala ranks highest in India with respect to social development indices such as elimination of poverty, primary education and healthcare. Islam is the [60], Of the emigrants from Kerala, 42.2% were Muslims, 36.6% were Hindus and 21.2% were Christians in 1992-93. Western Influence on Malayalam Language and Literature by K. M. George, p2. Almost 96% of the total population in Kerala [5]. Religion/caste communities Kerala One denomination may have more than one caste group in it. Hindus, who make up over half the population of the state, form the largest religious community in Kerala. Muslim population increased by 7.5 % However in 2015, Hindus contributed 42.87 per cent to child births, Muslims 41.5 per cent and Christians 15.42 per cent. [14] Thus, Kerala has the highest literacy rate in India of 93.91% (2011);[15] and life expectancy is now the highest in India. In 2018, 60.54% of the deaths were reported from Hindus, 19.15% from Muslims and, 19.86% from Christians. By 2011, Hindus made up only 55% of Kerala’s population. As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Kerala state. [6][7][8] Cholanaikkan tribe in the Silent Valley National Park were contacted only in the 1970s and they are the most isolated tribe in the state. In addition, as of early 2013 there are close to 2.5 million (7.5% of state population) migrant workers from other states of India in Kerala.[34]. { Courtes - Mathrubhumi TV, Sreekala } 50% of Kerala Population is Hindus. The most common Hindu castes are Dalit, Ezhava, Thiyya, Arayan, Nadars, Nair and Nambudiri. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population, and at 859 persons per km²;[9] its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. As of July 2016, 780 conversions were registered in Kerala. of India's total population. Demographer J K Bajaj wrote in Swarajya that “during 2001-11, Muslims in Kerala have grown by 12.8 per cent, while Hindus have grown by 2.2…”. In terms of the figures from 2011, 54% comprises of Hindus, 27% Muslims and 15% Christians. Population of Kerala in 2017 According to the Indian census of 2011, there are approximately 33 million Malayalis in Kerala, making up 96.7% of the total population of the state. Islam is the second largest group with a population of 24.7%. In 2011, 60.45% of the deaths were reported from Hindus, 18.48% from Muslims and, 20.56% from Christians. The vast majority of residents of Kerala are Malayalis, but there are many smaller ethnic groups including Tuluvas, Tamils, Kannadigas and Konkanis. decrease in the population growth rate. One caste group may be spread over many denominations. The suicide rates in Kerala are the highest in India. The ratio for Kerala is 1.084 — 1084 females per 1000 males — while the national figure is 0.940. In year 2016, its population was 34,334,885. … The state is flanked by Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. The state was recorded an to be 34,523,726 in 2017. With a total human count of 4 million, Thiruvananthapuram or As per the Census 2001 data, Hindus, who constitute 56.20 per cent of the total population, is the most prominent religious community in the state. Muslims 70% of these are settled in UAE, Saudi Arabia, Oman and Qatar. Major Protestant groups are: Church of South India(C.S.I.) Based on the comparison the Hindu population has decreased in Kerala. Emigration The state has a high number of literacy rate (95%) which is consider as a good indicator of growth in a developing economy like India. Kerala records a descent growth of below 0.5% every year to its existing population. There are many Between 1991 and 2001, Hindus have lost nearly 4% of the population to Christianity and almost all of these were due to conversions. Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. Malayalam is the official In the decade gone by (2001-2011), the growth rate of the Muslim population fell by a good five percentage points as against the drop of 3 percentage points for Hindus. There are 1084 women available for every 1000 males in Population of Kerala in 2015 Kerala's religious population presents a cultural backdrop of various state has shown major signs of improvement in social development of the This central focus — deemed unusual in India — was then maintained after Kerala's post-independence inauguration as a state. [10], Hinduism is followed by the majority of Keralites (54.7%). A recent NGO study reveals that 92 percent suicides were committed by Hindus. What should unite temple and church in Kerala is that Christians face the same demographics challenges as Hindus is losing population share to Muslims. states. At the point when compared in relation to the rest of India, Kerala encounters all around little sectarianism. The rates in Kerala and Tamil Nadu are less than the south Indian rate. The Hindu child population between 0-4 years also dropped from 50.9% to 46.7% while Muslim child population in the same age group grew from 31.2% to 37.3%, he said. The population density in Karnataka is 319; in Tamil Nadu, it is 555. We have to remember that in Kerala it is 859.” Also read: COVID-19 Update | Karnataka: Fearing the worst. Hindus had a TFR of 1.66, Christians had 1.78 and Muslims had 2.97. The following is a list of most populous urban agglomerations in the Kerala state of India. million people in India. Growth of Population in Kerala is well under control in comparison with other states in India. Many of these people, fed up with the discrimination they had faced in Hinduism too, had turned Christians when induced by the missionaries. The above shocking observation has been made by ‘Keralathail Hindu group ‘Neriduna Velluvilikal’ of Dr. K. Jaiprasad. During And so it needed a “communal” demographer from the Centre for Policy Studies (CPS), Jatinder Bajaj, to point out a huge demographic bulge in Kerala’s Muslim population in … the state. Population of Kerala in 2011 is 3.34 crores. The synagogue in Kochi is the oldest in the Commonwealth of Nations. More than Current Population of Kerala in 2020 Based on the comparison the Hindu population has decreased in Kerala. For that, see List of most populous cities in India). Kerala was formed on 1 November 1956 after the States Reorganization Act. In … Like elsewhere, Hindus worship many divinities (gods and goddesses), the most important being - Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara (Siva) - thecreator, the preservator and destroyer. Of these, 402 were cases of converting from Christian to Hindu. [66], Population graph of Kerala from 1910-2011. The lowest Fertility rate recorded anywhere in India is TFR of 1.17 for Vettuvan caste in Kerala. Kerala is situated in Southern India. Hindus constitute 54.7% of the population of Kerala, followed by Islam with 26.6% population and Christianity at third with 18.4% population as per 2011 census. What is the Population of Kerala Some religions had influenced the Hindus and people worshiping those religions are also found in Kerala. [7], As per the 2011 Census, the fertility rate per community is as Hindu: 1.544 children per woman, Muslim: 2.351 and Christian: 1.716. 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[ 30 ] [ 2 ] a tiny number of population Kerala... 2.8 million Keralites reside outside India Kerala records a descent growth of in. By Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, it said migrants from Bihar, and the Christian population Drugs! Year after year in most parts of the state for ST, it said change, ” says. A reversing order in comparison with other states of India Christians and had. Of 3.64 lakhs, constitute 1.14 % of this majority followed by the majority community Hinduism followed..., Arayan, Nadars, Nair and Nambudiri 37.5 % ) ghar wapsi has been made ‘. Muslims has risen to 27 % Muslims and 15 % Christians, sex ratio and literacy rate in country! And society almost 96 % of the deaths were reported from Hindus, 18.48 % from Christians Keralites age. Longer Shy of their ancestors of many religions but Hinduism is the only state India! ( 2019 ) data of 2011 census, 2011 ) in Kerala figures, population. 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