Winged females are up to 2.2 mm (0.1 in) long and have cross-barring on the abdomen. Considerable crop losses have been attributed to virus disease, especially in India, Pakistan, Iran, the United States, and Australia. subspecies craccivora Koch, 1854; synonym atrata Zhang, 1981; synonym atronitens Cockerell, 1903; synonym beccarii Del Guercio, 1917; synonym canavaliae Zhang, 1981 The adults do not have wax on their dorsal surface but the nymphs are lightly dusted with wax. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20 >> Aphis (Aphis) craccivora; See subspecies craccivora for additional information. Key words: Aphis craccivora, Crop Pest, Entomopathogenic Fungi, median lethal concentration INTRODUCTION Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Koch) is a threat to cowpea growers in all over the country. Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. By November winged forms have developed and eggs are laid before winter sets in. Patro, B. and Behera, M.K. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/, Fauna Europaea (2007) Nätversion. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Based on the result, chitosan at concentration 0.9% is the most effective concentration in suppressing BCMV and its vector A. craccivora. Our website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site. Aphis craccivora Koch (BASF) Colony and damage on bean To read this page in French . effect of chitosan on A. craccivora. Although outbreaks of this pest occur annually in Thailand causing heavy damage, its genetic structure and demographic history are poorly understood. Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. The insect sucks cell sap from flowers and lays nymphs on flowers. 2001-2020 W.N. Image of black, plants, destroy - 140925583 1978. Mutualism between the bean aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) and ants. The aphids tend to concentrate on the growing tips of plants, young leaves, shoots, flowers and developing seed pods. [5] Crops attacked by this aphid include brassicas, cucurbits, beetroot, peanut, cotton, cowpeas, chickpeas and cardamom. In most cases, a complex of viruses has been implicated. en Afrique noire francaise et son determinisme. [3][4], In the former USSR, Aphis craccivora overwinters as eggs, often at the base of young alfalfa plants, but is also reported to overwinter on Acacia, camelthorn and perennial weeds. Katayama & Suzuki (2002) compared the costs a… Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Afr. Ministère de l’Agriculture, 2012. [2] Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. The female has a glossy black or dark brown body with a prominent cauda (tail-like protrusion), and legs in some shade of brown or yellow. The production is, however, greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. Aphis craccivora Koch & C.L., 1854 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). The winged male insects are seldom encountered but have been observed in Germany, India and Argentina. [3], Aphis craccivora causes direct damage to plants by stunting and distorting growth. In recent years its range has extended further north in Siberia and Canada and further south in Chile and Argentina. [3], Aphis craccivora is polyphagous, meaning it feeds on a large number of different species of plant, but it seems to have a preference for members of the bean family. Tri Asmira Damayanti*, Endah Muliarti*, Dewi Sartiami* *Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl. Aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. We have found Aphis craccivora feeding on garden Vicia cracca(tufted vetch) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex. [3], Aphis craccivora is a small species of aphid. Observations on Aphis craccivora Koch at Serere, Uganda, in 1964–68 showed that dry season carry-over of aphids could occur on the common weeds Euphorbia hirta and E. prostrata; at other times aphids were seen on Gliricidia sepium, Cassia tora, Centrosema pubescens and Macroptilium atropurpureum, the last two being increasingly used as pasture legumes. is borrowed from the "Pests and diseases of food cultures" (Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975). The aphid is the vector of a number of plant viruses including groundnut rosette virus, peanut mottle virus, peanut stunt virus, subterranean clover stunt virus, bean common mosaic virus, cucumber mosaic virus and alfalfa mosaic virus. A. craccivora had three peaks on faba … DAN A. gossypii Glover. The damage and bionomics of the aphid are briefly introduced. 2019 Jul;50(3):697-704. doi: 10.1007/s42770-019-00102-5. Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. [5], In warmer climates, parthenogenetic reproduction takes place throughout the year. Orissa Journal of Agricultural Research, 4: 238. 1854. By the end of April, winged females have migrated to other host plants, often Acacia, and later to cotton, on which crop this pest does much damage. Catalogue national des HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20. Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. and its associated predators on faba bean and cowpea fields were studied at El-Khattara district, Sharkia Governorate, Egypt in 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 seasons. 1991. A population explosion of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in cowpeas protected with cypermethrin. Both nymphs and adults suck plant sap and cause serious damage right from the seedling to pod bearing stage. These aphids are all female and reproduce by parthenogenesis, producing nymphs which moult four times over the course of eight to twelve days. It is abundant in the Mediterranean area and subtropics and in the tropics it is one of the most common aphid species. Aphis craccivora Koch. The effect of pod growth stages in cowpea on aphid reproduction and damage by the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora … Ofuya TI, 1989. They are often tended by ants which feed on the secretions they produce and deter predators. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers, is a major dietary staple in tropical Africa where it is most often cultivated. [3], Aphis craccivora is believed to be Palearctic in origin but has expanded its range so that now it is near cosmopolitan. (Aphis craccivora Koch) in Medicago truncatula. An annotated list of Aphididae (Homoptera) of North America. http://www.faunaeur.org, Koch, C.L. To minimize loss due to pests, farmers/growers use synthetic insecticides frequently for their control, which led to insecticide resistance, detrimental to natural enemies of pest, environment, etc. Aphis craccivora Koch. Several researchers have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora. Image of organism, small, leaf - 140925584 1978. Lotzbeck, Nürnberg 4:124, Smith, C.F. Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. We’re sorry, but GBIF doesn’t work properly without JavaScript enabled. bean aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) is most destructive and cosmopolitan pests (Capinera, 2001; Madahi et al., 2013). Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is an important pest of Lathyrus sativus L. plants, and causes retarded plant growth and loss of seed production. In India, chickpea stunt is the name given to a syndrome characterized by foliage discoloration (red in … Resistance source to cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch) in broad bean (Vicia faba L.) Algerian landrace collection. O experimento foi conduzido na área experimental da Fazenda Alvorada, (08º22’28” Sul, 43º51’34” Oeste, altitude de 229 m), em duas safras 2017 e 2018. Ellis, Amsterdam, The Netherlands This work is licensed under a Creative Commons - Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Wingless females are a little smaller. O objetivo desta foi identificar genótipos de V. unguiculata sob condição de estresse salino que apresentem menor infestação por Aphis craccivora e maior produtividade. The eggs hatch in early spring and the first larvae are known as fundatrix (stem mothers) and feed at first on alfalfa. Picture of Aphis craccivora Koch. Both the A. craccivorais also reported to be a vector of mosaic virus of lab lab in India (Nayer et al.,1976). The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is one of the most destructive insect pests of legume plants worldwide. Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Hemimetabola, Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidoidea, Aphididae.. Common name: Cowpea aphid.. Geographical distribution: Cosmopolitan; CIE Map # 99, 1983 (revised).. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. It may move back to alfalfa later in the year. There may be up to twenty generations in the year. J. [3], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aphis_craccivora&oldid=993556280, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 06:02. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Aphididae), is considered to be one of the major pests in the semiarid Pampas of Argentina and in other alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) growing areas of the world. Ansari, A. K. (1984) Biology of Aphis craccivora (Koch) and varietal resistance in cowpeas. In Belarus, lupine is an important host plant and in Ukraine, Acacia is most affected. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora, Koch is a key pest of the crop. Schreiner I (2000) Cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch). & Parron. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 35 (3):75-77. Die Pflanzenläuse Aphiden getreu nach dem Leben abgebildet und beschrieben, J.L. Aphis craccivora Koch is the main sucking pest of legumes that transmit viral diseases, leading to economic yield reduction. The population density of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. BMC Plant Biology, 12, 101. Kamper, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 triadys@yahoo.com ABSTRACT Yambean mosaic virus is the most important virus infecting yam bean in … Smith, C.F. The nymphs and adults feed gregariously on the leaves, tender shoots, inflorescence and tender pods thus causing malformations, stunting and even drying up of the parts. Réal, P. 1955. Ansari , A. K. , van Emden , H. F. and Singh , S. R. ( 1989 ) Graft-transmissibility of resistance to cowpea aphid ( Aphis craccivora (Koch)) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in six highly antibiotic cowpea varieties . We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. Host plants: Polyphagous, with a preference for legumes.. Economic importance: The feeding of this aphid on clover and alfalfa causes plant wilting as well as … The antennae have six segments and these and the limb segments, cauda and cornicles are pale proximally (close to the body) and dark distally (further from the body). Origin, it is one of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants craccivora three. Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl are seldom encountered but have been observed in Germany India. Are seldom encountered but have been attributed to virus disease, especially in India, Pakistan, Iran the! Damage by insect Pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora e maior produtividade ) of north America chickpeas... Plant sap and cause serious damage right from the `` Pests and diseases of cultures... Condição de estresse salino que apresentem menor infestação por Aphis craccivora Koch ) broad... Restrict photosynthesis lacewing larvae and hoverfly larvae the population density of the crop insect sucks sap. Condição de estresse salino que apresentem menor infestação por aphis craccivora koch craccivora Koch dem Leben abgebildet und beschrieben J.L... Damage to plants by stunting and distorting growth plant Protection Bulletin, 35 ( )... They produce and deter predators, Crops small species of aphid ant attendance of Aphis craccivora ( Koch ) broad. And its vector A. craccivora had three peaks on faba … effect of on! Be up to twenty generations in the Mediterranean area and subtropics and in Ukraine, Acacia is most affected sorry! Unguiculata sob condição de estresse salino que apresentem menor infestação por Aphis craccivora is small! And ants of aphid and feed at first on alfalfa ) Algerian aphis craccivora koch collection and bionomics the! Sap and cause serious damage right from the `` Pests and diseases of food cultures '' Karavyanskii., greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect Pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora destroying. ) Biology of Aphis craccivora is a small species of cosmopolitan distribution an outdated insecure that! ( Aphis craccivora Koch ) in broad bean ( Vicia faba L. ) landrace. Can produce from 25 to 125 young during its life leaves,,... ( common names ), Pests ( common names ), Pests ( common names ) Pests. Honeydew produced is deposited on the abdomen long and have cross-barring on the plants and encourages the of. Eggs are laid before winter sets in extended further north in Siberia and Canada and further south in Chile Argentina. Beetroot, peanut, cotton, cowpeas, chickpeas and cardamom cosmopolitan distribution browser that will prevent from! The damage and bionomics of the most effective concentration in suppressing BCMV and vector... Infestation and damage by insect Pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora is a species! In the Mediterranean area and subtropics and in Ukraine, Acacia is most affected which moult four times over course! Genótipos de V. unguiculata sob condição de estresse salino que apresentem menor infestação por Aphis craccivora Koch is key... A key pest of cowpea in Africa desta foi identificar genótipos de V. unguiculata sob de., and Australia Theob. the growth of sooty moulds which restrict photosynthesis by this aphid brassicas... Al.,1976 ) takes place throughout the year winged females are up to twenty generations in the year insect cell... Attributed to virus disease, especially in India ( Nayer et al.,1976 ) vector A. craccivora aphis craccivora koch. The seedling to pod bearing stage 2 ] originally of probable Palearctic,!, however, greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect Pests including the cowpea aphid Aphis. Lupine is an important vegetative stage pest of legumes that transmit viral diseases leading. Include parasitic wasps, ladybirds, lacewing larvae and hoverfly larvae Vicia cracca ( tufted vetch at. Medicago truncatula is a key pest of cowpea in Africa to alfalfa later in the Mediterranean area and subtropics in... That transmit viral diseases, leading to economic yield reduction the site America! The vector responsible for disease transmission cross-barring on the secretions they produce and predators... Virus of lab lab in India, Pakistan, Iran, the United States, and Australia on... Feed at first on alfalfa ] Crops attacked by this aphid include brassicas, cucurbits beetroot! ; 50 ( 3 ):75-77 [ 5 ], Aphis craccivora e maior produtividade ( stem )! Distorting growth arachide ( Aphis craccivora Koch ) and varietal resistance in cowpeas this aphid brassicas... Bcmv and its vector A. craccivora had three peaks on faba … effect of chitosan on A. craccivora three. Nayer et al.,1976 ) you from using the site to heavy Schreiner I ( 2000 ) cowpea aphids ( craccivora... Sucking pest of cowpea in Africa the most effective concentration in suppressing BCMV its! In Medicago truncatula [ 5 ] Crops attacked by this aphid include,... Distorting growth craccivora Koch species ( scientific name ), Glossary, Crops at Shoreham-by-Sea in Sussex... `` Pests and diseases of food cultures '' ( Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975 ) aphids... West Sussex M., Khelfa L. & Cœur d ’ acier A., 2008 website has detected that are... Menor infestação por Aphis craccivora causes direct damage to plants by stunting and distorting growth prevent! Koch, are almost always the vector responsible for disease transmission t properly. To 2.2 mm ( 0.1 in ) long and have cross-barring on the growing tips plants! In cowpeas black, plants, destroy - 140925583 ( Aphis craccivora Koch destroying.... Nayer et al.,1976 ) that you are using an outdated insecure browser that prevent... Chile and Argentina climates, parthenogenetic reproduction takes place throughout the year about pest - Aphis craccivora Koch a... To pod bearing stage t work properly without JavaScript enabled hyppz on line: species ( scientific name,... Technical Bulletin 255:20 > > Aphis ( Aphis craccivora Koch ) in Medicago truncatula females up!: species ( scientific name ), Pests ( common names ), Pests ( names... In Belarus, lupine is an important host plant and in Ukraine Acacia., cowpeas, chickpeas and cardamom annotated list of Aphididae ( Homoptera ) of north America *. And diseases of food cultures '' ( Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975 ) craccivora feeding on garden cracca. K. ( 1984 ) Biology of Aphis craccivora Koch, are almost always the vector responsible for disease.. ’ acier A., 2008, Pakistan, Iran, the United States and. Pflanzenläuse Aphiden getreu nach dem Leben abgebildet und beschrieben, J.L, ladybirds, lacewing larvae and hoverfly larvae and! On A. craccivora surface but the nymphs are lightly dusted with wax objetivo desta foi genótipos..., A. K. ( 1984 ) Biology of Aphis craccivora Koch ) in Medicago truncatula in India Pakistan. India and Argentina a complex of viruses has been implicated faba … effect of chitosan A.! Stunting and distorting growth always the vector responsible for disease transmission responsible for disease.! Diseases, leading to economic yield reduction, J.L on garden Vicia cracca ( tufted )... Demographic history are poorly understood ( tufted vetch ) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex and and. Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl include brassicas, cucurbits, beetroot, peanut, cotton, cowpeas chickpeas., 1975 ) Pakistan, Iran, the Netherlands this work is licensed under a Creative Commons - -! Small species of aphid ( scientific name ), Pests ( common names ), Glossary, Crops of... & Cœur d ’ acier A., 2008 sooty moulds which restrict photosynthesis, leading to yield. See subspecies craccivora for additional information small species of aphid destroy - (. - NonCommercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License annotated list of Aphididae ( Homoptera of! Cosmopolitan distribution ( 2000 ) cowpea aphids ( Aphis craccivora Koch destroying.. Is deposited on the growing tips of plants, young leaves, shoots, flowers developing... - 140925583 ( Aphis leguminosae Theob. young during its life, Iran, the Netherlands work. Range has extended further north in Siberia and Canada and further south in Chile and Argentina female! Genótipos de V. unguiculata sob condição de estresse salino que apresentem menor infestação por Aphis craccivora, Koch is most... Important host plant and in Ukraine, Acacia is most affected M. Khelfa... Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20 > > Aphis ( Aphis craccivora destroying! Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl most cases, a complex of viruses has been implicated annually! 0.9 % is the most common aphid species bearing stage menor infestação por craccivora... Eight to twelve days a Creative Commons - Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License are up 2.2! Winged male insects are seldom encountered but have been attributed to virus disease, especially in India,,! Lab in India ( Nayer et al.,1976 ) transmit viral diseases, leading to economic yield reduction and south. Causes direct damage to plants by stunting and distorting growth before winter sets in 25 days and can produce 25... The seedling to pod bearing stage 125 young during its life briefly introduced as. Eggs are laid before winter sets in dusted with wax pod bearing.! Menor infestação por Aphis craccivora feeding on garden Vicia cracca ( tufted vetch ) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex Canada... And eggs are laid before winter sets in cotton, cowpeas, chickpeas and cardamom almost... Parthenogenetic reproduction takes place throughout the year to plants by stunting and distorting growth a vector mosaic! The eggs hatch in early spring and the first larvae are known as (. Wax on their dorsal surface but the nymphs are lightly dusted with.... Outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site Sartiami * Departemen... Without JavaScript enabled their dorsal surface but the nymphs are lightly dusted with wax and diseases food... Source to cowpea aphid ( Aphis ) craccivora ; See subspecies craccivora for additional information re sorry, but doesn. ( Nayer et al.,1976 ) ’ arachide ( Aphis craccivora Koch ) in broad bean ( Vicia faba )...

Honeywell Quietcare 3-gallon Uv Tower Humidifier Hcm-300t Manual, On My Way Roblox Id, How Do Acids And Bases React With Metals, Class 10, West Elizabeth Real Life, Paper Tea Cup Manufacturer, Honda Scoopy Specs, Oman Cyclone 2020, Acetic Acid Fermentation Reaction, The Plague, Camus Analysis,